Mule 4 + MuleSoft Certified Developer – Level 1 (Mule 4) Study Material + Latest Dump

May 30, 2021   3,973 Views

In this blog, we will focus on MuleSoft Certification preparation. Below topics are covered with examples.

mule 4 mulesoft certification dump, in this mule application files are written from inside a for each scope

Certification details

Certification is not free and the candidate has to pay $250 for it.

  • Format: Multiple-choice, closed book, proctored online or in a testing center
  • Length: 60 questions
  • Duration: 120 minutes (2 hours)
  • Pass score: 70%
  • Language: English

How to buy and enroll for the Mule 4 Certification – Enrolling for MuleSoft Certification

Table Of Contents
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MuleSoft: Important Key Points from the Mule 4 exams

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Below are some insights of the concepts/questions from the exams which I do remember.
I hope this helps. All the best for your exam. Please feel free to reach out for your queries, if any.

Scope of the Variable/Payload inside/outside the for each processor and batch job processor
eg :
variable/payload outside the for each processor, then manipulated inside for each and logged outside for each again. What is the final value of payload/variable at that time. Similarly, variable/payload set outside batch job processor then values manipulated inside the batch steps. Then logged outside the batch job. What are the expected values.

Input to and output expected from different dataweave patterns like Scatter-gather, fileList, choice. e.g :
the type of input these operations expect and the type of output they give out like map operation has an input as array. Scatter-Gather has an output as “object of mule event objects”
. For more details you may refer my this blog – Mule 4 + MuleSoft + Scatter-Gather Integration Pattern + Example

Output for the operation “typeOf” from Dataweave expression.
eg :
if the payload is set as application/json and there is a logger at the end which logs the type of object of the payload with the operation typeOf(payload). We need to specify the payload object has what type could be linkedHashMap/caseInsensitiveHashMap/ String/ array/ Obejct etc.. Depending on the previous operations we need to determine the type of object of the payload

RAML designing for queryParams and pathParams

Scopes of the payload. variables and attributes within the childFlow/subFlow depending upon the trigger for those flows. Also, scope of the variables and payload in the main flow after the response is returned from the child flow.

Specific question -> Variables are part of what – Mule Event , message , attributes or payload

Questions around syntax for “!include” a particular file within RAML specification. Options for these questions are almost similar, please look at those carefully.

Exception handling for onErrorPropagate and onErrorContinue and their scopes within subFlow/flowReference

Syntax importing a custom module in the Dataweave language and using the operation from that module.

Given 4 different listener specifications using same host and different ports 8000 and 9000. How many different listeners are needed to be configured as part of global spec. – depends on the number of different host-port combinations.2 in this case as host is same and two diff ports.

forEach vs batchJob – which is singleThreaded and which is multi-threaded

If the API implementation is changed not the API specifications – what action is needed in the API manager or what action is needed at the clients consuming the APIs

An error picture was given which said the maven dependency resolution was not happening – select the option which has steps to resolve those errors.

Questions around structuring of the mule apps – placing the file in which folder. making which element global. Passing the configurations in the property file.

FTP component read file operation – what it does to the file after reading it. For more details you may refer my this blog – Mule 4 + MuleSoft + File Connector – File Operations + Example

Defining and using variables within DB queries.
e.g :
SELECT * from Table where abc = :abc
defining :abc and using it in DB query.

Data transformations from JSON to xml and xml to JSON, JSON to different JSON – 4-5 questions for these transformations. Options are tricky here as well.

Also, you may refer following article on DataWeave Language Expression for new features : Mule 4 + MuleSoft + DataWeave 2.3.0 New Features + Example

Setting the payload to a variable and accessing it later – 1 question around this concept. Screenshot was given wherein the payload was being set in the variable not as output.

A screenshot for a rest client was given with error 415 – unsupported media type. select the Option to get away with this error

Batch processing / filters and aggreagators. Question around given data [a,b,c,d,e,f] passed to a batch job. Batch step has filter !=b then aggregate runs in a batch of three and then a logger Question was around the last logged value.

Question around how much time will scatter gather take to complete – it has 2 tasks – task1 takes 1 second and task 2 takes 5 second. Uses the concept of parallel processing in scatter gather

NOTE: The self assessment quiz in the training portal is something similar to the exam. You can go through that thoroughly. Getting the core concepts is the key.

MuleSoft: Creating Application Networks

Center for Enablement

Reference: https://blogs.mulesoft.com/digital-transformation/it-management/what-is-a-center-for-enablement-c4e/

A C4E is defined as a group that drives the IT operating model shift. It is in charge of enabling business
divisions — including but not exclusively IT — to build and drive the consumption of assets successfully,
thereby enabling speed and agility. It allows the business and IT teams to shift from a production-based to a
production-and-consumption-based delivery model
API-Led (System, Process, and Experience API)

MuleSoft: Introducing Anypoint Platform

Know the basic functions of the various Anypoint Platform components, especially Design
Center, Exchange, Runtime Manager, and API Manager

Reference: https://docs.mulesoft.com/runtime-manager/cloudhub-architecture

MuleSoft: Designing APIs

During Designing APIs we need to focus on below key points.

1. Purpose of:
○ Design Center
○ Exchange ( https://docs.mulesoft.com/exchange/ )

2. How to format a URL call to an API with
○ URI parameters
https://anypoint.mulesoft.com/mocking/api/v1/accounts/{id}
https://anypoint.mulesoft.com/mocking/api/v1/accounts/4400

○ Query parameters:
https://anypoint.mulesoft.com/mocking/api/v1/accounts?type=personal

3. Include RAML fragments in a RAML document (e.g. !include folderName/fragmentName.raml)

4. Format XML example data in RAML (the sample quiz in training.mulesoft.com is an excellent reference)

MuleSoft: Building APIs

The Anatomy of a Mule Event

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Scope of Attributes & Variables

Attributes and variables (and their accessibility within a flow) change depending on when they are referenced and how the flow is executed (Flow Ref vs a transport boundary ( HTTP Request, JMS queue, etc))
Examples:
A. Via a Flow reference
– Parent passes variables and attributes to a child flow: Variables and attributes are accessible, changeable, and seen back in the parent flow.
B. Via a Transport Boundary (HTTP, JMS)
– Variables are NOT accessible; Attributes are removed and/or replaced with new attributes.

Mule Message Structure

Understanding the Mule message structure is important as facets of the structure influence several exam questions across different topic areas.
Reference:
https://docs.mulesoft.com/mule-runtime/4.2/about-mule-message
Mule Message: [Attributes, Payload, Variables]
Attributes :
Attributes contain the metadata associated with the body (or payload) of the message. The specific attributes of a message depend on the connector (such as HTTP, FTP, File) associated with the message.

Global Settings Configuration

Reference : https://docs.mulesoft.com/mule-runtime/4.2/global-settings-configuration

Global settings for a mule application such as the default transaction timeout or default error handler can be configured in the <configuration> element of the root level of the Mule Configuration File.

Setup HTTP Listener

The path of an HTTP listener can be static, which requires exact matches, or feature placeholders. Placeholders can be wildcards ( * ), which match against anything they are compared to, or parameters ( {param} ), which not only match against anything but also capture those values on a URI parameters map

Reference : https://docs.mulesoft.com/connectors/http/http-listener-ref

Working Example Reference : Mule 4 + MuleSoft as Microservices Architecture + HTTP Connector + Example

Database Select

Returns a Java object of records, see screen capture below of debug session where the Payload Type (typeOf(payload)) is an Array and the media type is application/java.

MuleSoft: Structuring Mule Applications

Output: Database select statement that produces zero records results in an empty array

MuleSoft: Deploying and Managing APIs

API Autodiscovery

For more details we can go through following reference

Reference: https://docs.mulesoft.com/api-manager/2.x/api-auto-discovery-new-concept

Cloudhub Workers

Applications on CloudHub are run by one or more instances of Mule, called workers. These have the following characteristics:
○ Capacity
: Each worker has a specific amount of capacity to process data, you can select the size of your workers when configuring an application.
○ Isolation
: Each worker runs in a separate VM from every other application.
○ Manageability
: Each worker is deployed and monitored independently.
○ Locality
: Each worker runs in a specific worker cloud, the US, EU, Asia-Pacific, etc.
○ A Cloudhub worker supports at most one applications
○ application’s properties are defined in a .properties file stored in /classes folder e.g ${https.port}

MuleSoft: Accessing and Modifying Mule Events

Variables in Mule Apps

  • Variables are used to store per-event values for use within a flow of a Mule app.
  • The stored data can be any supported data type, such as an object, number, or string.
  • It is also possible to store the current message (using the message keyword), the current message payload (using the payload keyword) or just the current message attributes (using the attributes keyword).
  • We can even use a DataWeave expression as the value.
  • After creating a variable, we can access and use it within the scope of a Mule flow where you created it, which includes any flows that are joined with it through a Flow Ref component.
  • vars : Keyword for accessing a variable, for example, through a DataWeave expression in a Mule component, such as the Logger, or from an Input or Output parameter of an operation. If the name of your variable is myVar, you can access it like this: vars.myVar

Note: that a variable in the Mule event is different from variables defined in a DataWeave script, which are local to the script and not accessible outside of it.

Reference:https://docs.mulesoft.com/mule-runtime/4.2/about-mule-variables

HTTP Requests

The attributes of the message will include:
○ method:
○ listenerPath:
○ requestPath:
○ relativePath:
○ queryParams: a multi-map
○ uriParams: a map
○ headers: a multi-map

Example: #[attributes.uriParams.state]

MuleSoft: Structuring Mule Applications

Example: What is the value of Payload at the Logger step?

MuleSoft: Structuring Mule Applications - mulesoft certified developer

Answer : LoggerMessageProcessor: Payload:3
Explanation:
call to Publish Consume increments the payload by 1, but the call to Publish does not affect the payload as the flow proceeds without waiting for the response.

Create a Lightweight Package You can skip bundling the actual modules and external dependencies required to run the Mule application in a Mule runtime engine, and create a lightweight package with only the source files and metadata required to import the JAR package back into Anypoint Studio. From the command line in your project’s folder, as below.

run: $ mvn clean package -DlightweightPackage

When we specify this parameter, the plugin creates a lightweight JAR file that does not include any dependencies declared in the Mule application’s pom.xml file. This JAR file cannot be deployed to a Mule runtime engine, it only offers a way to archive just the Mule application’s source files. The result of this Maven parameter is the same as unchecking Include project modules and dependencies when exporting the Mule application from Anypoint Studio.

MuleSoft: Consuming Web Services (HTTP Request Connector)

In Studio, to use this connector as an HTTP Request Connector (and not an HTTP
Listener Connector), place it into the Process section of a flow. Reference:
https://docs.mulesoft.com/mule-runtime/3.9/http-request-connector

MuleSoft: Controlling Event Flow

Choice Router

Analogous to if/then/else. Message is routed to the first condition that evaluates as true

Working Example Reference: Mule 4 + MuleSoft + Choice Router Control + Java Module + Example

Scatter-Gather Router

  • Copies (scatters) a Mule event to two or more parallel routes.
  • Each route uses a separate thread and creates a Mule event, which has its own payload, attributes, and variables.
  • The Scatter-Gather component then consolidates (gathers) the Mule events from each route together into a new Mule event and passes this consolidated Mule event to the next event processor.
  • The Scatter-Gather component passes a consolidated Mule event to the next event processor only after every route completes successfully.

For more details you may go through this example, Reference: Mule 4 + MuleSoft + Scatter-Gather Integration Pattern + Example

Validations

  • Validators raise an exception with a meaningful message attached.
  • We can optionally customize this message and even the type of exception you want it to throw.

Reference : https://docs.mulesoft.com/mule-runtime/3.9/validations-module

MuleSoft: Handling Errors

You may walk through my blog for Handling Errors in Mule 4

Handling Errors Examples : Mule 4 + MuleSoft + Error Handling Techniques + Examples

Summary of error handling

1. When an error is raised the remainder of the flow is not processed
2. a). If there is not an error handler then the Mule default error handler propagates the error status and error message back to the caller.
b). If there is an error handler then all steps in the error handler are processed. The error handler can either propagate or continue.

MuleSoft: Writing DataWeave

DataWeave is the MuleSoft expression language for accessing and transforming data that travels through a Mule app. DataWeave is tightly integrated with the Mule runtime engine, which runs the scripts and expressions in your Mule app.

DataWeave 2.0 functions are packaged in modules. Functions in the Core ( dw::Core ) module are imported automatically into your DataWeave scripts. To use other modules, you need to import the module or functions you want to use by adding the import directive to the head of your DataWeave script, for example:DataWeave 2.0 functions are packaged in modules.

Functions in the Core ( dw::Core ) module are imported automatically into your DataWeave scripts. To use other modules, you need to import the module or functions you want to use by adding the import directive to the head of your DataWeave script, for example:

DataWeave Operators (With Examples)

Example: … String {format: ".0#"}

1. ++ to append strings and literals in an expression
2. == for equals in an expression
3. * for repeated elements (e.g. - payload.users.*user)
4. DW expressions are placed INLINE in the code and are enclosed in ‘#[ ]
5. The Map operator for the Array input type (DW2.0)
6. The Map operator is enclosed {()}. {} defines the object, () transforms each element in
the object.
7. In a DW transformation, $ refers to the value of an element
8. DW produces 3 types of output:
   A. Objects: Collections of key:value pairs
   B. Arrays: Sequence of csv’s
   C. Simple Literals
9. LookUp Function
This function enables you to execute a flow within a Mule app and retrieve the resulting payload. It works in Mule apps that are running on Mule Runtime version 4.1.4 and later.
Similar to the Flow Reference component (recommended), the lookup function enables you to execute another flow within your app and to retrieve the resulting payload. It takes the flow’s name and an input payload as parameters.
For example,
lookup("anotherFlow", payload) executes a flow named anotherFlow.
The function executes the specified flow using the current attributes, variables, and any error, but it only passes in the payload without any attributes or variables. Similarly, the called flow will only return its payload.

Note that lookup function does not support calling subflows.

10. Example: A flow sets a payload to a variable images. How do you access that variable in DW?: 
Answer. #[vars.images]

11. Http://acme.com/usernames/CA. ‘CA’ is the state and that URI parameter gets stored in the attributes of a Mule message. What is the DW expression to retrieve ‘CA’?
Answer. #[attributes.uriParams.state]

Note : DataWeave New Features Reference: Mule 4 + MuleSoft + DataWeave 2.3.0 New Features + Example

Call Java Methods with DataWeave

Working Example Reference : Mule 4 + MuleSoft + Choice Router Control + Java Module + Example

MuleSoft: Triggering Flows

Files Operations

  • File Connector (Read): connector tries to determine a file’s MIME type ( mimeType ) from its extension.
  • File Connector (Write): By default, the connector writes whatever is in the message payload. If the payload is a different format (for example, not CSV) and you need to transform it before writing it.

On Table Row

Reference Url for Manual Watermarking: https://blogs.mulesoft.com/dev/mule-dev/how-poll-scope-and-watermark/

MuleSoft: Processing Records

For Each Scope: For Each processes a collection (java, JSON, XML). If the payload is not a collection, e.g. it is an object, then the For Each will not process the payload.

Supported content type
  • application/json, application/java, or application/xml – Does not modify the payload. The payload is immutable inside For Each.
For Each is synchronous
  • It needs the entire payload available before processing can be completed. Thus is not performant for large jobs.
  • To modify the payload, use a Transform processor.
  • Use For Each when logic should be applied on a per record basis.h is synchronous.

Batch Processing: A batch job is a scope that splits large messages into records that Mule processes asynchronously.

Batch Filter and Batch Aggregator: You can use the batch aggregator scope to accumulate a subset of records from a batch step, and bulk upsert them to an external source or service. The Batch Aggregator, Aggregator Size field determines the number of records processed by the aggregator. As a simple example, if the batch size is only 3 records and the aggregator size is set to 2, the aggregator will process the first 2 records to reach that step, then process the one remaining record at the end of the batch step.

Working Example Reference : Mule 4 + MuleSoft + Enterprise Integration Patterns + Examples

MuleSoft: The Self Assessment Quiz Dump

Introducing Application Networks and API-Led Connectivity

Introducing Anypoint Platform

Designing APIs

Building APIs

Deploying and Managing APIs

Accessing and Modifying Mule Events

Structuring Mule Application

Consuming Web Services

Controlling Event Flow

Handling Errors

Writing DataWeave Transformations

Triggering Flows

Processing Records

MuleSoft Certified Developer – Level 1 (Mule 4) Latest Dump

Here, I am posting some sample questions answers from the exam which I do remember.

Question: Refer to the exhibits.

MuleSoft: Structuring Mule Applications & mulesoft dump

A web client sends a POST request with the payload {“oid”: “1000”, “itemid”: “AC200”, “qty”: “4” } to the Mule application. The File Write operation throws a FILE:CONNECTIVITY error. What response message is returned to the web client?
A. FILE:CONNECTIVITY
B. OTHER ERROR
C. File written
D. ORDER:NOT_CREATED

Answer: D

Question: Refer to the exhibits.

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A web client sends a GET request to the HTTP Listener. What response message is returned to the web client?

A. “”
B. “Start”
C. “String is not blank”
D. “End”

Answer: C

Question: A Database On Table Row listener retrieves data from a CUSTOMER table that contains a primary key user_Id column and an increasing bgin_date_time column. Neither column allows duplicate values. How should the listener be configured so it retrieves each row at most one time?

A. Set the watermark column to the user_Id column
B. Set the target value to the last retrieved user_Id value
C. Set the target value to the last retrieved login_date_time value
D. Set the watermark column to the bgin_date_time column

Answer: D

Question: Refer to the exhibits.

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What Database expression transforms the input to the output?

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A. Option B
B. Option D
C. Option A
D. Option C

Answer: B

Question: Refer to the exhibits. What payload is logged at the end of the main flow?

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A. order4
B. order1order2order3order4
C. [1, 2, 3, 4]
D. [order1, order2, order3, order4]

Answer: C

Question: Refer to the exhibits.

The error occurs when a project is run in Anypoint Studio. The project, which has a dependency that is not in the MuleSoft Maven repository, was created and successfully run on a different computer. What is the next step to fix the error to get the project to run successfully?

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A. Install the dependency to the computer’s local Maven repository
B. Edit the dependency in the Mule project’s pom.xml file
C. Deploy the dependency to MuleSoft’s Maven repository
D. Add the dependency to the MULE_HOME/bin folder

Answer: A

Question: What DataWeave expression transforms the example XML input to the CSV output?

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A. Option C
B. Option B
C. Option A
D. Option D

Answer: C

Question: Refer to the exhibit.

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What should be changed to fix the 415 error?
A. set the response Content-Type header to text/plain
B. set the response Content-Type header to application/xml
C. set the request Content-Type header to application/json
D. set the request Content-Type header to text/text

Answer: C

Question: Refer to the exhibits.

mulesoft dump - mule 4 self assessment quiz answers

The Validation component in the Try scope throws an error. What response message is returned to a client request to the main flow’s HTTP Listener? The Validation component in the Try scope throws an error. What response message is returned to a client request to the main flow’s HTTP Listener?
A. Error – main flow
B. Success – main flow
C. Error – Try scope
D. Validation Error

Answer: A

Question: Refer to the exhibit.

mulesoft certification dumps - Mule4 Latest Dump

The Database Select operation returns five rows from a database. What is logged by the Logger component?
A.
CaselnsensitrveHashMap
B.
LinkedHashMap
C.
Object
D.
Array

Answer: B

MuleSoft (Mule 4) Working Examples

HTTP Connector Example

Choice Router Control + Java Module Example

Error Handling Techniques Example

File Connector – File Operations Example

Scatter-Gather Integration Pattern with Error Handling

DataWeave 2.3.0 New Features

Enterprise Integration Patterns

Publish and Consume Messages Within Flows

Top 100+ Interview Questions & Answers (Latest)

Note: Keep visiting this page. Will add more questions & answers with sample code soon. Thank You:)